These are external links and will womsn in a new window. A migration from Central Europe transformed the genetic make-up of people in Spain during the Bronze Age, a study reveals. DNA evidence shows the migrants streamed over the Pyrenees, replacing existing male lineages across the region within a space of years.
It remains unclear whether violence played a role or whether a male-centric social structure was more important. Researchers reconstructed the population history of Iberia modern Spain, Portugal, Gibraltar and Andorra over 8, years - the biggest slice of time tackled by a single ancient DNA study.
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The region has been a crossroads for different cultures over time. Their study is published in Science journal. The Bronze Age migrants Female escorts arkansas some of their ancestry to Neolithic Stone Age farmers found throughout Europe - including Spain - while the rest of their ssian make-up was like that of people living at the time on the Russian steppe.
This steppe ancestry was introduced to Europe by nomadic herders who migrated west from Asia and the eastern fringes of Europe. Ancient Britons 'replaced' by newcomers. One of the triggers may have been a crisis that caused population numbers to plunge in Europe towards the end of the Neolithic period which preceded the Bronze Age.
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Recent studies suggest plague might have played a role. As the steppe people moved west, they picked up elements of culture from people they mixed with along the way. In Central Europe, one such mixed culture known as the Bell Beaker tradition formed. The Beakers and their descendants may have established Bbc for Portugal asian hispanic woman stratified unequal societies in Europe, including Iberia - where they start turning up from 2,BC.
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The researchers looked at the Y chromosome - a package of DNA passed down more or less unchanged from father to son. It can be used to track male-line PPortugal. By about 2,BC, local Y chromosome lineages had been eliminated from the Iberian gene pool, in favour of those carried by the newcomers.Fantasies Nightclub Baltimore Md
The newcomers - of Bell Beaker origin - brought innovations such as bronze-working including the manufacture of bronze weapons and were probably riding horses. These may have given them a military advantage over Stone Age farming societies, but also probably conferred higher social status on males carrying these traditions. Instead, the high social status of male newcomers may have been linked to greater reproductive success.
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A system that emphasised male power and inheritance could have been key: hisapnic patrilineal and possibly patriarchal social structure would further amplify the observed patterns, as possibly only the first-born son would inherit the clan's properties, whereas the other sons would move out and try to established their own clans, further spreading their Y Bbc for Portugal asian hispanic woman over new territories," he said.
Something clearly changes the social structure that existed in the late Neolithic.
Portutal at human remains from an earlier period, the study found that Stone Age hunter-gatherers who traced a significant percentage of their ancestry to some of Europe's earliest settlers, survived in southern Spain until the spread of farming 6, years ago.
The team also studied genome data from Moorish Spain ADwhen parts of the peninsula were under the Bbc for Portugal asian hispanic woman of Muslim emirs of North African origin.
North African influence was present in Iberia from at least the Bronze Age. But the researchers found a dramatic shift in the genetic make-up asiian people from Moorish-controlled regions after the medieval "Reconquista", when Christian armies seized Bbc for Portugal asian hispanic woman control of the peninsula. The conquerors expelled many Muslims, although Portuguese online dating were allowed to stay if they converted to Christianity.
People from the Iron Age Iberian civilization of Spain's east coast generally cremated their dead. The cremation process prevented scientists from extracting DNA from these remains.Craigslist Gloucester Va
While the culture was responsible for great works of art, such as the Dama hipanic Elche sculpture, the Iberians also Sexy phone girl a violent side. They hammered large nails through the severed heads of enemies killed in combat and exhibited them in public spaces as war trophies.
Some 40 such heads were found in the Iberian settlement of Ullastret, allowing scientists to analyse DNA from them.
Two burials in the study were Affection for someone to have Bbc for Portugal asian hispanic woman levels of black African ancestry. Both of the individuals were from Granada in southwest Spain, where the last Muslim emirate held out until it was conquered by Christians in One of the Portgal came from a 10th Century cemetery where bodies were buried in the Islamic tradition - oriented in the direction of Mecca.
The other individual is from the 16th Century, after the Christian conquest of Granada. This woman is thought to be from the Morisco community - former Muslims who converted to Christianity only to be expelled from Spain later on.
After the fall of the Roman Empire, wandering tribes from northern and eastern Europe streamed into Iberia. The Visigoths, who spoke a language related to Swedish, German and English, assumed control of the region.
They founded the Spanish monarchy that continues today and introduced laws that formed the basis of those used by later Christian kingdoms. Burials from Pla de l'Horta in northeastern Spain include a mother and daughter of Visigothic origin.
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Their genomes suggest they aisan recent ancestry from Eastern Europe, while DNA from the cell's batteries, or mitochondria - which is passed more or less unchanged from mother to children - is of a type associated with East Asian populations.
It's a sign of the genetic complexity of the Eastern steppe region where their roots lay. Follow Paul on Twitter.
By Paul Rincon Science editor, BBC News website Bronze Age male and female burials history of Iberia (modern Spain, Portugal, Gibraltar and Andorra) over 8, to Europe by nomadic herders who migrated west from Asia and the . They founded the Spanish monarchy that continues today and. 10 hours ago Portugal police 'find cocaine in traveller's padded pants' Hence, in , three women from Colombia attempted to take advantage of nuns'. Looking at the experiences of highly skilled US national women in Italy and Greece, million migrants from Asia and Latin America respectively – the regions the majority of 'Portuguese Flee Economic Crisis', BBC News 25 January
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